Documentation

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Title Description Version Released Date Document File
Enhancing eFPGA Functionality with Speedcore Custom Blocks (WP009)

Achronix Speedcore™ eFPGA IP can be integrated in an SoC for high-performance, compute-intensive and realtime processing applications such as AI, automotive sensor fusion, network acceleration and wireless 5G. Speedcore eFPGA IP is a game-changer for SoC developers, allowing them to add flexibility to their products by including FPGA technology in their ASICs. For SoC development, companies specify the quantity and mix of lookup-table (LUT) logic, embedded memory blocks, and DSP blocks that best meets their needs. Along with these functions, Achronix now offers the ability for companies to define custom block functions, optimized for their application, that can also be included in the eFPGA fabric. Speedcore custom blocks increase die area efficiency, increase performance and lower power.

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Evaluating Speedcore IP For Your ASIC (WP007)

Phase zero is the beginning of a Speedcore design and how you begin matters. From a technical perspective, you will want to explore the possibilities to maximize the benefit of having your ASIC deployed with a Speedcore instance with a mix of resources well suited to your current and future programmed configurations. Achronix will help you along this road, providing support, training and feedback in employing tools, benchmarking designs and dealing with optimization issues.

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EFPGA Acceleration in SoCs — Understanding the Speedcore IP Design Process (WP008)

The Speedcore design and integration methodology has been defined with intimate awareness of the difficulties ASIC engineering teams must contend with. All the necessary files and flows for capturing the functional, timing and power characteristics of a user-defined and programmed Speedcore instance, along with support for successfully reconfiguring an already field-deployed Speedcore IP embedded in an ASIC, are available to an ASIC development team either as products of the ACE design tools or as deliverables provided by Achronix. This methodology has already been proven in silicon and readily accommodates variations and preferences in company-specific ASIC development methodologies.

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Embedded FPGA – a New System-Level Programming Paradigm (WP006)

The current public debate on the future of the semiconductor industry has turned to discussions about a growing selection of technologies that focuses instead on new system architectures and better use of available silicon through new concepts in circuit, device, and packaging design. The emergence of embedded FPGA is, in fact, not only essential at this juncture of the microelectronics history, but also inevitable. To understand this, a review of the history of FPGA technology is in order.

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Using FPGAs to Accelerate Data Centers (WP005)

With the technology industry at a crossroads — the effective repeal of Moore's Law  — data centers have become the sweet spot of the technology sector, showing healthy revenue growth and attracting new system solutions in both hardware and software. Unlike the ethereal promise of upcoming wonders from AI, robotics and the IoT, data center growth and innovation is happening in the here and now, with an even brighter future ahead the moment other nascent markets emerge from their chrysalis with killer apps of their own.

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Title Description Version Released Date Document File
Clock Design Planning for Speedcore eFPGAs (AN011)

Speedcore eFPGAs have a robust clocking architecture. While some designs only use a single main clock, others can have complicated clocking schemes. It is important for designers to understand the different types of clocks available in the Speedcore architecture, and how to get the best design out of the clocking resources available.

1.0 Clock_Design_Planning_for_Speedcore_eFPGAs_AN011.pdf
Speedcore User Interface Timing Sign-off Methodology (AN009)

Timing sign-off between the host ASIC and the Speedcore boundary is one of the most crucial steps in ensuring proper integration of a Speedcore instance into a customer's SoC.

1.0 Speedcore_User_Interface_Timing_Sign-off_Methodology_AN009.pdf
Coding Guidelines for Speedcore eFPGAs (AN003)

In order to obtain the best quality of results (QoR) when targeting any design to an FPGA, it is sometimes necessary to structure the RTL and constraints to take best advantage of the underlying FPGA architecture and the built-in features of the tool chain.

2.0 Coding_Guidelines_for_Speedcore_eFPGAs_AN003.pdf
Routing Reset Signals on Speedcore eFPGAs (AN007)

In FPGA design, reset signals can sometimes have a significant effect on the overall quality of timing or routing results. Generally it is recommended to reduce the number of logic elements that need to be reset by taking advantage of initial values and coding in such a way that reset is only needed on a few end points.

1.2 Routing_Reset_Signals_on_Speedcore_eFPGAs_AN007.pdf
Measuring Accurate Toggle Rates

When calculating dynamic power for a design, one input to any power estimation is the toggle rate of the signals. In most circumstances, the value used will be one of the industry standards of either 12.5% or 25% — values derived from a wide range of designs.

1.0 Measuring_Accurate_Toggle_Rates_AN010.pdf
Title Description Version Released Date Document File
Speedster7t Power Estimator User Guide (UG093)

The Achronix Speedster7t Power Estimator tool provides a platform to calculate the power requirements for the Achronix 7nm standalone FPGAs. This user guide gives a detailed overview of the thermal and power needs depending on the device, environment and utilization of components in the design. The power estimator tool can be used at any stage of the design process to obtain an estimate of the total power dissipation from the device. This estimate could then be compared with post-implementation results using the ACE-generated power report.

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Simulation User Guide (UG072)

The Achronix tool suite includes synthesis and place-and-route software that maps RTL designs (VHDL or Verilog) into Achronix devices. In addition to synthesis and place-and-route functions, the Achronix software tools flow also supports simulation at several flow steps (RTL, Synthesized Netlist, and Post Place-And-Routed Netlist). This guide covers the simulation flow for Achronix devices.

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Speedster7t DDR User Guide (UG096)

The Achronix Speedster7t FPGA family provides DDR subsystems that enable the user to fully utilize the low latency and high-bandwidth efficiency of these interfaces for critical applications such as high-performance compute and machine learning systems. The DDR subsystem supports memory devices and features compliant with JEDEC Standard JESD79-4B.

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Speedster7t Configuration User Guide (UG094)

At startup, Speedster7t FPGAs require configuration by the end user via a bitstream. This bitstream can be programmed through one of four available interfaces in the FPGA configuration unit (FCU), which is logic that controls the configuration process of the Speedster7t FPGA.

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Speedster7t Machine Learning Processing User Guide (UG088)

The machine learning processing block (MLP) is an array of up to 32 multipliers, followed by an adder tree, an accumulator, and a rounding/saturation/normalize block.The MLP also includes two memory blocks, a BRAM72k and LRAM2k, that can be used individually or in conjunction with the array of multipliers. The number of multipliers available varies with the bit width of each operand and the total width of input data. When the MLP is used in conjunction with a BRAM72k, the amount of data inputs to the MLP block increases along with the number of multipliers available. 

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